International classification for trademarks - Class 9:
Trademark Class 9 is one of 45 NICE classifications used to classify products and/or services.
Class 9 for trademarks a brief description:
Class 9 many of today's modern inventions, including electronics, software, computers, smartphones, mobile apps, and fire extinguishers.
Class 9 for trademarks header:
Scientific, research, navigation, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, audiovisual, optical, weighing, measuring, signaling, detecting, testing, inspecting, life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling the distribution or use of electricity; apparatus and instruments for recording, transmitting, reproducing or processing sound, images or data; recorded and downloadable media, computer software, blank digital or analog recording and storage media; mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating devices; computers and computer peripheral devices; diving suits, divers' masks, ear plugs for divers, nose clips for divers and swimmers, gloves for divers, breathing apparatus for underwater swimming; fire-extinguishing apparatus.
Class 9 trademark application Owners:
The top ten applicants who file trademarks on class 9 internationally are:
- Sony Computer Entertainment
- American Underwater Products
- System sensor
- Atlas sound
- Rohde& Schwarz
- Cisco Systems
Trademark common confusion between Class 9 and other classes:
While Class 9 does include all computer programs and software regardless of recording media or means of dissemination, that is, software recorded on magnetic media or downloaded from a remote computer network or apparatus and instruments for scientific research in laboratories such as in Class 7. Class 7 includes electromechanical apparatus for the kitchen (grinders and mixers for foodstuffs, fruit presses, electrical coffee mills, etc.) and certain other apparatus and instruments driven by an electrical motor, all coming under Class 7. Class 9 does not include amusement and game apparatus adapted for use with an external display screen or monitor and sporting goods, these are mainly covered using Class 28. To make matters even more confusing electrical apparatus for space heating or the heating of liquids, for cooking, ventilating, etc. (Class 11), electric razors, clippers (hand instruments), and flat irons (Class 8), and electric toothbrushes and combs (Class 13) are all electrical apparatus.
Class 9 of the Nice classification for trademarks also covers apparatus and instruments for controlling ships, such as apparatus and instruments for measuring and for transmitting orders. Other types of shipping and travel services such as navigational systems and apparatus for driving directions used for travel purposes are included in Class 39.
Coordinated Classes for Trademark Class 9:
Class 9 is one of the most popular trademark classes for new applications. That means your trademark may face competition or tighter scrutiny. Other common classes include 25, 14, 41, 38, and 42. Therefore, you need to be sure that you are choosing the right class for your trademark before you protect under class 9:
- Class 25 (Clothing) – This includes clothing, footwear, and headgear.
- Class 14 (Controllers) – This includes clocks and watches and other chronometric instruments, and control clocks
- Class 41 (Education and Entertainment) – This includes publishing, teaching, and entertainment services.
- Class 42 (Computer and Scientific) – This includes technology, scientific, and research services.
- Class 38 (telecommunications) – this includes services which consist essentially of the diffusion of radio or television programs.
For sure, we cannot find everything smart is included in Class 9. For example, smart cars are included in (Class 12) like robotic cars. For Smart appliances, we can only find in (Class 9) laboratory robots, teaching robots, security surveillance robots, and humanoid robots with artificial intelligence, but industrial robots are included in (Class 7) and in (Class 10) surgical robots are included as well. However, for smart clothes, we can find mentioned in (Class 9) like bullet-proof clothing.
Trademark Class 9 and the Metaverse:
"Metaverse" is a popular phrase in the IT, business, and finance worlds right now. Neal Stephenson invented the term in his 1992 novel Snow Crash to describe a virtual environment in widespread usage in his envisioned future, a 21st-century dystopia. The metaverse is a virtual-reality universe presented in Snow Crash as a planet-encircling market where virtual real estate can be purchased and sold, and where VR goggle-wearing users inhabit 3D avatars of their design. Some brands have made an early start by filing trademark applications in the United States and the European Union. DKNY and Nike, among others, filed for similar items in November, including "downloadable virtual goods, specifically, computer programs showcasing footwear, clothes, and accessories" and "for usage in online virtual worlds," and they registered under Class (9).
Understanding the main elements of Class 9:
Class 9 in Nice classification is divided into the subsections below:
Trademark Class 9 - Subsection 1 –
Trademark Class 9 - Subsection 2 –
Information technology and audio-visual, multimedia and photographic devices
Trademark Class 9 - Subsection 3 –
Magnets, magnetizers, and demagnetizers
Trademark Class 9 - Subsection 4 –
Scientific and laboratory devices for treatment using electricity
Trademark Class 9 - Subsection 5 –
Apparatus, instruments, and cables for electricity
Trademark Class 9 - Subsection 6 –
Optical devices, enhancers, and correctors
Trademark Class 9 - Subsection 7 –
- Safety, security, protection, and signaling devices
- Alarm and warning equipment.
- Access control devices.
- Signaling apertures.
- Productive and safe.
Trademark Class 9 - Subsection 8 –
Trademark Class 9 - Subsection 9 –
Navigation, guidance, tracking, targeting, and map making devices
Trademark Class 9 - Subsection 10 –
- Measuring, detecting and monitoring instruments, indicators, and controllers
- Monitoring instruments.
- Sensors and detectors.
- Testing and quality control devices.
- Measurings, countings, alignments, and calibrating instruments, such as data loggers and recorders, time measuring instruments (not including clocks and watches), weight measuring instruments, distance and dimension measurements, speed measuring instruments, and electricity measuring instruments.
Trademark Class 9 - Subsection 11 –
Scientific research and laboratory apparatus, educational apparatus, and simulators